Who Are Religious Minorities In India?

Which religion is fastest growing in India?

India.

Islam is the fastest-growing religion in India.

Growth rate of Muslims has been consistently higher than the growth rate of Hindus, ever since the census data of independent India has been available.

For example, during the 1991-2001 decade, Muslim growth rate was 29.5% (vs 19.9% for Hindus)..

What is the meaning of religious minority?

A minority religion is a religion held by a minority of the population of a country, state, or region. … Laws are made in some countries to protect the rights of religious minorities, such as protecting the minorities’ culture and to promote harmony with the majority.

What will be the largest religion in 2050?

And according to a 2012 Pew Research Center survey, within the next four decades, Christians will remain the world’s largest religion; if current trends continue, by 2050 the number of Christians will reach 2.9 billion (or 31.4%). By 2050, the Christian population is expected to exceed 3 billion.

What are the 5 characteristics of a minority group?

According to Charles Wagley and Marvin Harris (1958), a minority group is distinguished by five characteristics: (1) unequal treatment and less power over their lives, (2) distinguishing physical or cultural traits like skin colour or language, (3) involuntary membership in the group, (4) awareness of subordination, …

Is Schedule Tribe a minority?

However, since the scheduled tribe voters are always a minority (except in the north-eastern states where they are a numerical majority) in the reserved constituencies and in the legislatures as a whole, favourable legislation can be blocked by vested interests.

What is visible minority mean?

Visible minorities are defined as persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour. Almost 4 million Canadians identified themselves as a visible minority in the 2001 Census, accounting for 13.4% of the total population.

Which religion is best to follow?

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This is a list of religious populations by number of adherents and countries….Adherents in 2020.ReligionAdherentsPercentageIslam1.9 billion24%Hinduism1.2 billion15.4%Secular/Nonreligious/Agnostic/Atheist1.1 billion14.1%Buddhism506 million6%18 more rows

What is the oldest religion?

The word Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been called the oldest religion in the world, many practitioners refer to their religion as Sanātana Dharma, “the eternal way” which refers to the idea that its origins lie beyond human history, as revealed in the Hindu texts.

Who are considered as minorities?

In the United States, for example, non-Hispanic Whites constitute the majority (63.4%) and all other racial and ethnic groups (Mexican, African Americans, Asian Americans, American Indian, and Native Hawaiians) are classified as “minorities”.

Is Sindhis a minority in India?

Sindhi people In India, Sindhi is the local language in the Kutchh region of Gujarat. Most Sindhis of India follow the Hindu religion (90%), although Sindhi Sikhs are a prominent minority (5-10%).

What is called minority?

Minority, a culturally, ethnically, or racially distinct group that coexists with but is subordinate to a more dominant group. As the term is used in the social sciences, this subordinacy is the chief defining characteristic of a minority group. As such, minority status does not necessarily correlate to population.

How many minorities are in India?

Statistics. There are six religions in India which have been awarded “National minority” status—Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Jains, Buddhists and Zoroastrians. The following is a breakdown of India’s religious communities: Characteristics of religious groups.

Who is minority according to UN?

According to a definition offered in 1977 by Francesco Capotorti, Special Rapporteur of the United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, a minority is: A group numerically inferior to the rest of the population of a State, in a non-dominant position, whose members – being …

What is the criteria of minority in India?

Upadhyay, in the petition filed in public interest, has claimed that the Central government through its 1993 circular notified only five communities — Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Parsis — as ‘minority’ community, without defining ‘minority’ and framing parameters for the identification of minority.

Who are considered minorities in India?

Following this mandate, the Congress government notified five religious communities: Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Zoroastrians (Parsis) as national religious minorities in October 1993. This list was amended in 2014 when Jains were also notified as a national minority.

Is Minority and OBC same?

Minorities in the Indian context means minority religions – Muslims, Christians, Jains, Sikhs etc. SC, ST, OBC are not in minority. They are not minority castes, they predominantly belong to Hinduism and are Hindus.

What percentage is considered minority in India?

As per the Census 2011, the percentage of minorities in the country is about 19.3% of the total population of the country. The population of Muslims are 14.2%; Christians 2.3%; Sikhs 1.7%, Buddhists 0.7%, Jain 0.4% and Parsis 0.006%.

Is OBC a minority community in India?

Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists and Zoroastrians (Parsis) are the main minorities in India. The new quota for minorities will be carved from an existing quota reserved for caste grouping called Other Backward Classes (OBC).