Question: What Is Article 35a In Simple Words?

How many MLA are there in Jammu and Kashmir?

Hence the total contestable and filled seats of the assembly remained 87 of which there are presently 83 seats after the separation of Ladakh as a union territory which had 4 seats.

The Kashmir valley region has 46 seats, the Jammu region has 37 seats..

How many states are there in India after Article 370?

A resolution to repeal Article 370 was passed by both the houses of the Parliament of India in August 2019. At the same time, a reorganisation act was also passed, which would reconstitute the state into two union territories, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. The reorganisation took effect from 31 October 2019.

Is Pok part of India?

On the eastern side, Azad Jammu and Kashmir is separated from the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir (part of Indian-administered Kashmir) by the Line of Control (LoC), which serves as the de facto border between India and Pakistan in Kashmir.

What happened to Kashmiri Pandits in Kashmir?

The Hindus of the Kashmir Valley, were forced to flee the Kashmir valley as a result of being targeted by JKLF and Islamist insurgents during late 1989 and early 1990. … According to the Indian government, more than 62,000 families are registered as Kashmiri refugees including some Sikh and Muslim families.

What happened in Kashmir?

The 2016 Kashmir unrest erupted after killing of a Hizbul Mujahideen militant, Burhan Wani, by Indian security forces. Further unrest in the region erupted after the 2019 Pulwama attack. … Amnesty International has also accused the Indian government of refusing to prosecute perpetrators of abuses in the region.

Are there 28 states in India now?

India, a union of states, is a Sovereign, Secular, Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government. … There are 28 states and 8 Union territories in the country.

What does Article 368 say?

Article 368 regulates the procedure for amending the Constitution. It states that the ratification of the state legislatures to a constitutional amendment is required in the following cases: a. If there is a change in the provisions regarding elections to the post of the President of India. b.

What is the benefits of removing Article 370?

Several restrictions on transfer of land existed. Any landowner who wishes to sell his land would benefit from increased prices. There will be no change in ownership due to removal of Article 370.

When did Jammu and Kashmir join India?

The Instrument of Accession is a legal document executed by Maharaja Hari Singh, ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, on 26 October 1947. By executing this document under the provisions of the Indian Independence Act 1947, Maharaja Hari Singh agreed to accede to the Dominion of India.

Who is the No 1 cm in India?

List#Chief MinisterTerm length1Pawan Kumar Chamling (b. 22 September 1950)24 years, 165 days2Jyoti Basu (8 July 1914 – 17 January 2010)23 years, 137 days3Gegong Apang (b. 8 July 1949)22 years, 8 months, 5 days4Lal Thanhawla (b. 19 May 1942)21 years, 55 days39 more rows

What exactly is Article 370 and 35a?

Simultaneously, the Article 35A was added to the Constitution, empowering the state legislature to legislate on the privileges of permanent residents with regard to immovable property, settlement in the state and employment. The fundamental rights of the Indian constitution were extended to the state.

Why was Article 370 and 35a removed?

In April 2018, the Supreme Court of India ruled that Article 370 had attained permanency since the state constituent assembly has ceased to exist. To overcome this legal challenge, the Indian government instead rendered Article 370 as ‘inoperative’ even though it still exists in the constitution.

How many states are having special status in India?

States and Union Territories of IndiaCategoryFederated statesLocationRepublic of IndiaNumber28 States 8 Union territoriesPopulationsStates: Sikkim – 610,577 (lowest); Uttar Pradesh – 199,812,341(highest) Union Territories: Lakshadweep – 64,473 (lowest); Delhi – 16,787,941 (highest)4 more rows

Is Kashmir safe for tourist now?

It’s been declared off-limits to tourists on a number of occasions. There have also been a few isolated incidents, with Srinagar and other parts of the Kashmir Valley being temporarily shut down. However, tourists always begin returning after peace is restored.

Who was the first governor of Jammu and Kashmir?

On 30 March 1965, Karan Singh became the first Governor of Jammu and Kashmir. The office of governor was abolished after an act was passed in August 2019 in the Parliament of India, reorganising the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two union territories; Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh on 31 October 2019.

Is POK under Pakistan?

An area of Kashmir that was once under Pakistani control is the Shaksgam tract—a small region along the northeastern border of the Northern Areas that was provisionally ceded by Pakistan to the People’s Republic of China in 1963 and which now forms part of China’s Uygur Autonomous Region of Xinjiang.

Why did Pakistan gave Kashmir to China?

Pakistan ceded shasgam valley to china to appease china to help them support for their cause that they claim JK in entirety in UN and in other international forums , Pakistan knows that its occupation is not backed by any legal document and it only has UN card in its favor that Nehru himself have declared JK issue as …

Why do Kashmiri Pandits eat meat?

The Kashmiri Pandits are one of the few Brahmin communities in India who are non-vegetarians, besides Bengali and Goan Brahmins. Mutton takes the lead on the table and it appears in some form at every meal. “A lot of meat dishes are prepared to keep warm when temperatures dip.

Why is Kashmir so important?

Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent. … In the first half of the first millennium, the Kashmir region became an important centre of Hinduism and later of Buddhism; later still, in the ninth century, Kashmir Shaivism arose.

What are the 9 union territories of India?

Union Territories are: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, National Capital Territory of Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Lakshadweep, Ladakh and Puducherry.

Will Kashmiri Pandits go back to Kashmir?

They have not done so because the situation in the Valley remains unstable and they fear a risk to their lives. As of October 2015, only 1 Kashmiri Pandit family returned to the Kashmir valley since 1990 according to the Jammu & Kashmir government despite the financial assistance being given for rehabilitation.

Who is the last king of Jammu and Kashmir?

Hari Singh GCSI GCIE GCVO (23 September 1895 – 26 April 1961) was the last ruling Maharaja of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir in India.

Why Jammu and Kashmir has its own flag?

In the middle a white plough further symbolises the peasants. Next to the staff, three vertical white stripes represent the three regions of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. … On 7 June 1952, a resolution was passed by the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir, making it the official state flag.

Why Jammu and Kashmir has its own constitution?

The Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir was the legal document which established the framework for the state government of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. … The Constitution of India granted special status to Jammu and Kashmir among Indian states, and it was the only state in India to have a separate constitution.

Was Kashmir a Hindu state?

In the 1901 Census of the British Indian Empire, the population of the princely state of Kashmir was 2,905,578. Of these 2,154,695 were Muslims, 689,073 Hindus, 25,828 Sikhs, and 35,047 Buddhists. The Hindus were found mainly in Jammu, where they constituted a little less than 50% of the population.

Who drafted Article 370 of Indian Constitution?

Ayyangar was the chief drafter of Article 370 which granted local autonomy to the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

How was Article 370 removed?

As stated earlier, the entirety of article 370 can be repealed under article 370(3), but this requires a recommendation from the Constituent Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir. … The next day, on August 6, the president implemented the resolution and revoked Jammu and Kashmir’s special status through Presidential Order C.O.

Has Pakistan ever won a war?

Since Pakistan’s plan to liberate Kashmir failed, and the year ended with Pakistan getting not a single inch of new territory, the Indians say they won. Independent historians, however, are clear that it was a military stalemate and neither side won.

When did India lose Pok?

Indo-Pakistani War of 1965DateAugust – 23 September 1965ResultEnded in a stalemate. Both countries declared victory. United Nations mandated ceasefire No permanent territorial changes (see Tashkent Declaration)Territorial changesNone1 more row